August 6, 2023

The Best Direction and Angle for Solar Panels

Energy Efficiency

Welcome to Shine Solar's solar panel orientation guide! Solar energy has emerged as a promising and sustainable solution to combat climate change and reduce reliance on fossil fuels. Harnessing the power of the sun through solar panels has become increasingly popular among homeowners and businesses seeking to embrace clean energy and save on electricity bills. However, the efficiency of solar panels heavily depends on their proper placement and orientation to maximize sun exposure throughout the day. Understanding the best direction and angle for solar panels is crucial in optimizing energy production and ensuring a cost-effective solar system.

In this guide, we will delve into the factors that impact the positioning of solar panels, including solar panel direction, angle, roof design and seasonal variations. We will explore how these elements interact to determine the performance of solar panels and how homeowners can make informed decisions to make the most of their solar investment.

By the end of this guide, you will have a clear understanding of how to position your solar panels to achieve the highest energy output and contribute to a greener and more sustainable future. Let's dive into the details and uncover the secrets of maximizing solar panel efficiency.

Table of Contents:

Solar Panel Direction

The direction in which solar panels are placed is a crucial factor in optimizing their energy production. For homeowners and businesses in the northern hemisphere, the best direction for solar panels is undeniably south-facing. South-facing panels receive the maximum sunlight exposure throughout the day, allowing them to generate the highest amount of solar energy. However, east or west-facing roofs can also work well and produce energy for a significant portion of the day.

 When it comes to solar panel direction, it is essential to consider the azimuth angle, which refers to the angle of the sun in relation to true north and true south. True south and true north face the Earth's axis rather than aligning with Earth's magnetic poles. By positioning solar panels according to true south and the azimuth angle, homeowners can ensure the best direction for their solar panels and arrays.

 "While north-facing roofs are the least favorable option for solar panels, it is technically possible to install solar panels on the north side of your roof," explains an expert from Energy Education1. "However, it's not the best location for solar production. You'll likely need to use special mounting so that the panels oppose your roof's slant in order to generate electricity."

 If a northern-facing roof is the only option available, it might be worth considering alternative installation options, such as ground-mounted solar or a carport installation. While these options may require additional space and investment, they can still be effective in harnessing solar energy.

 The advantage of south-facing panels lies in the sun's path, as it shines above the Equator or close to that point. The sun's path never moves north of the Tropic of Cancer (23.4°N Latitude). For those residing in the mainland U.S., which is located north of that line, the sun remains in the southern half of the sky all year round. Therefore, keeping solar panels facing south allows them to receive the most sunlight possible.

 While true south is the optimal direction, some homeowners might wonder about the feasibility of other orientations. Solar panels oriented towards the east or west generate approximately 20% less electricity compared to south-facing panels. While these orientations may still provide cost savings, homeowners aiming to cover all of their electricity usage with solar energy might need to install a few more panels than they would with a southern-facing system.

 In regions with Time of Use (TOU) billing, utilities charge higher rates for electricity during specific hours, usually in the form of peak rates, typically from 4 PM onwards. For those facing high peak rates, it may be beneficial to position solar panels southwest, allowing them to receive more light from the setting sun and increase solar power production in the afternoon and evenings. However, it's essential to strike a balance, as southwest-facing solar panels produce less solar power overall throughout the day.


At Shine Solar, we understand the significance of solar panel direction and its impact on energy generation. Our team of experienced solar installers carefully assesses each property to determine the best orientation for solar panels. We ensure that our customers' solar systems are optimally positioned to maximize energy production, lower electricity bills, and contribute to a cleaner environment.


By carefully considering solar panel direction, homeowners and businesses can harness the full potential of solar energy, reduce their carbon footprint, and enjoy long-term energy savings.

Solar Panel Angle:

The angle at which solar panels are tilted plays a vital role in optimizing their energy generation and efficiency. The angle, also known as the tilt, refers to the vertical positioning of the solar system. The objective is to position the panels to face as close to the sun as possible, ensuring they receive the most direct sunlight and generate the maximum amount of solar power.

 For most locations, the ideal angle for a solar panel installation is close to or equal to the latitude of the property. In the northern hemisphere tilting the panels at an angle equal to the latitude will provide the best results. For instance, if a property is situated at a latitude of 35 degrees, tilting the panels at 35 degrees would be optimal.

 Preparing your solar installment to perform more efficiently in the winter is an important practice. During the winter months, the sun is lower in relation to the horizon, leading to potential production dips due to snow covering the panels and reducing their power output. To counteract this, some homeowners choose to tilt their panels at a steeper angle than their latitude, somewhere around 60 degrees. By doing so, the panels more directly face the sun as it shines from a lower point in the sky, resulting in better winter performance.

 Adjusting the angle of solar panels twice a year can also decrease seasonal variation in production. This means adjusting the panels to the winter angle around September 15th and then adjusting them to the spring and summer angles around March 15th. These adjustments can lead to a significant energy boost, enhancing the system's overall performance.

 The existing roof design also plays a crucial role in determining the optimal angle for solar panels. Many roofs have slopes between 30 and 40 degrees, allowing solar panels to lie flush against the roof and produce sufficient electricity. However, in cases where the roof is steeper or shallower than this, the mounting system used will be affected.

 For steep roofs, it may not be possible to place panels at the optimal tilt with traditional racking systems. The steep angle might already be higher than the optimal angle for production, and the best option may be to lie the panels flat against the roof. On the other hand, low-angle roofs may require specialized racking to achieve the optimal tilt.

 In the case of flat roofs, solar installers typically use racking systems that mount the panels at an optimal angle. However, this setup may limit the system size, as tilting panels on a flat roof can lead to shading among the panels, reducing electricity production. To mitigate this, spacing and staggering the rows of panels on the roof can be considered.


At Shine Solar, we recognize the significance of the optimal tilt for solar panels. Our team of experts conducts a thorough evaluation of each property to determine the best tilt angle, taking into account factors like latitude, existing roof design, and seasonal variations. We ensure that our customers' solar panels are angled to maximize energy generation and long-term savings.


At this point is important to mention the existence of solar trackers. They offer an innovative way to optimize sunlight exposure for solar panels. These tracking systems follow the sun's movement throughout the day, constantly adjusting the panels' angle to ensure they are perpendicular to the sun's rays. While solar trackers can significantly increase energy production, they are more commonly used in commercial solar projects due to their high cost and space requirements. For most residential solar installations, rooftop systems with fixed angles remain the most cost-effective and practical choice.

 In conclusion, the angle of solar panels is a crucial factor in their overall efficiency and energy generation. By carefully considering the tilt angle, homeowners can ensure their solar systems are optimized for maximum sunlight exposure and energy production throughout the year.

Useful tool:

As you know, to ensure your solar panels are facing the best direction for maximum energy production, it's essential to consider the orientation of your roof. In most cases, south-facing panels yield the highest energy output, especially for locations in the northern hemisphere. However, east and west-facing roofs can still work well and produce energy for a significant portion of the day.

There’s an online tool that helps you find the sun's position in your area quickly. While it may not be as advanced as the one’s solar companies, like Shine Solar, have access to, these online tools are convenient and available to homeowners.

To use check it click HERE. All you have to do is to simply input your home's coordinates in the search bar. You can easily obtain your coordinates from Google Maps by right-clicking on your location and selecting the coordinates.

Roof Design and Solar Panel Placement:

The design of a roof plays a crucial role in determining how solar panels can be effectively placed and oriented to maximize their energy production. Different roof styles and angles present unique challenges and opportunities for solar panel installations.

 Many residential roofs have slopes ranging between 30 and 40 degrees, which align well with the optimal tilt for solar panels in most locations. With these roof designs, solar panels can be mounted flush against the roof surface, allowing for a clean and aesthetically pleasing installation. Such installations are typically straightforward and result in sufficient electricity generation.

 However, for roofs with steeper or shallower angles, solar panel placement may require specialized racking systems to achieve the ideal tilt. For instance, if a roof's slope is already higher than the optimal angle for solar panel production, the panels may need to be placed flat against the roof, resulting in reduced electricity output. Similarly, low-angle roofs may require special racking to tilt the panels at the optimal angle.

 Flat roofs also present unique considerations for solar panel placement. In these cases, solar installers typically use racking systems to tilt the panels at an optimal angle, ensuring they receive the most direct sunlight. However, tilting panels on a flat roof can lead to shading issues, with rows of panels obstructing sunlight from one another. Proper spacing and staggering of the panels are essential to mitigate shading and maintain optimal energy production.


Did you know that at Shine Solar, aside from offering you the solar installation service and all the products your installation may need, we also offer a roof installation service? So if you feel that you may need to change you roof before going solar, you can contact us and make all part of the same service. Too expensive? Then we can do it by steps, leaving you with the advantage that we shall provide you a great quality roof that will not only protect you from the outside, but it will also be optimal for solar panel positioning in your geographic location. So if you ever decide to go solar, you will be ready for it.


For properties with limited roof space or unsuitable roof designs, ground-mounted solar panel systems offer an excellent alternative. Ground mounts provide more flexibility in positioning and angling the solar panels, allowing for maximum exposure to sunlight. These systems are often used in situations where the roof may not be suitable for solar panel installation or when homeowners prefer to have solar panels in their yard or garden.

 While ground-mounted systems provide numerous benefits, including better solar exposure and easier maintenance, they also come with some challenges. Ground-mounted panels may be more vulnerable to shading from surrounding trees, buildings, or other obstacles, which can reduce energy generation. Additionally, they require sturdy frames and mounts to withstand weather conditions and may be relatively more expensive than rooftop installations.

 In summary, the design of a roof significantly influences the placement and effectiveness of solar panels. Whether it's a sloped roof, flat roof, or ground-mounted system, the key is to ensure that the solar panels receive maximum sunlight exposure throughout the day.

Seasonal Considerations:

Seasonal variations in sunlight play a significant role in the performance of solar panels throughout the year. Understanding and addressing these variations can help homeowners optimize their solar energy systems and ensure consistent energy production.

 During the winter months, the angle of the sun is lower in relation to the horizon in the northern hemisphere, resulting in reduced sunlight exposure on solar panels. Additionally, snow accumulation on the panels can further hinder energy production. To counteract these effects, adjustments can be made to the solar panel tilt.

 One approach is to install the solar panels at a steeper angle than the latitude during the winter months, typically around 60 degrees. By doing so, the panels face the sun more directly, allowing for better energy capture during the winter when the sun is lower in the sky. However, it's essential to consider that steeper angles may lead to snow buildup on the panels, which can impact electricity generation. Regular snow removal or using self-cleaning panels can mitigate this issue.

 Another strategy to address seasonal variations is to adjust the solar panel tilt twice a year, in the spring and fall. By changing the tilt to the winter angle around September 15th and then adjusting it to the spring and summer angles around March 15th, homeowners can optimize energy production during different times of the year. For example, a solar array at a 40-degree latitude can experience a significant energy boost of about 4 percent by making these seasonal adjustments.


At Shine Solar, we consider seasonal variations when designing solar energy systems for our customers. Our experienced solar installers take into account the geographical location, local weather patterns, and specific tilt adjustments to ensure that solar panels generate optimal electricity throughout the year.


By addressing seasonal considerations and optimizing solar panel placement, homeowners can benefit from a reliable and efficient solar energy system that provides substantial savings on electricity bills year-round. Embracing solar energy not only contributes to a cleaner and more sustainable future but also offers long-term financial benefits and energy independence for homeowners.



In conclusion, the direction and angle of solar panels play a crucial role in maximizing energy production and cost-effectiveness. South-facing panels in the northern hemisphere and north-facing panels in the southern hemisphere receive the most direct sunlight, resulting in optimal energy generation. It is recommended to tilt the panels at an angle close to the latitude of the location to achieve the best year-round performance.

 While the position and design of the roof can influence the installation process, advancements in mounting systems and solar technology have made it possible to harness solar energy effectively on various roof types. Ground-mounted systems also provide flexibility for ideal panel placement when rooftop installations are not feasible.

 Additionally, considering seasonal variations can help homeowners make adjustments to their panel angles to optimize energy production during different times of the year. However, even with suboptimal angles, solar panels can still deliver substantial energy savings.


At Shine Solar, we understand the significance of these factors in harnessing the full potential of solar energy. Our experienced team of solar experts is dedicated to designing and implementing customized solar solutions tailored to each customer's unique needs, ensuring a seamless transition to clean and sustainable energy sources. Going solar with Shine Solar means embracing a brighter, greener future while enjoying significant energy savings and contributing to a cleaner environment.



(Bonus) Key Takeaways: 

  • Optimal Direction: For most homeowners in the U.S., south-facing solar panels are the best option. South-facing panels receive the most sunlight throughout the day, maximizing solar energy generation and savings.
  • Impact of Other Directions: Panels facing east or west generate about 15% less power, while north-facing panels produce approximately 30% less energy. Consider alternative options for northern-facing roofs.
  • Best Solar Panel Angle: For optimal year-round energy production, tilt solar panels at an angle equal to your latitude. Adjusting the angle twice a year can further improve efficiency.
  • Roof Design Considerations: Roof slope and design impact panel installation. Steep roofs may require special mounting, while flat roofs can use optimal racking systems.
  • Seasonal Considerations: Install panels at a steeper angle for winter months to counter snow coverage and maximize energy production.
  • Shine Solar's Expertise: Shine Solar provides expert assistance in determining the best solar panel direction and angle for your specific location and goals, ensuring maximum energy efficiency and savings.

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Nick Gorden

Nick Gorden is the Co-founder and CEO of Shine Solar. Nick’s energy, enthusiasm, and leadership is contagious and has contributed to attracting a talented and successful executive team. His time is focused on strategic growth, maintaining profitability and creating the optimal customer experience. Nick has started, managed and sold companies within the communications, mortgage lending, insurance and real estate industries resulting in tens of millions of dollars of market value to investors.

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